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Science is a dynamic, collaborative and creative human endeavour arising from our desire to make sense of our world through exploring the unknown, investigating universal mysteries, making predictions and solving problems. Science provides a way of answering interesting and important questions about the biological, physical and technological world. The knowledge it produces has proved to be a reliable basis for action in our personal, social and economic lives. Science knowledge is contestable and is revised, refined and extended as new evidence arises. Science aims to understand a large number of observations in terms of a much smaller number of broad principles.

The Australian Science Curriculum promotes six overarching ideas that highlight certain common approaches to a scientific view of the world and which can be applied to many of the areas of science understanding. These overarching ideas are patterns; order and organisation; form and function; stability and change; systems; scale and measurement; and matter and energy.